Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, there are cases of aggressive prostate cancers. The cancer cells may spread from the prostate to other parts of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes. Prostate cancer may cause pain, difficulty in urinating, problems during sexual intercourse, or erectile dysfunction. Other symptoms can potentially develop during later stages of the disease.
Early prostate cancer usually causes no symptoms. Sometimes, however, it does cause symptoms, often similar to those of diseases such as benign prostatic hyperplasia. These include frequent urination, increased urination at night, difficulty starting and maintaining a steady stream of urine, blood in the urine, and painful urination. About a third of patients diagnosed with prostate cancer have one or more such symptoms, while two thirds have no symptoms.
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